Wednesday, December 5, 2012
Post no. 25 Discovery 3
OZONE DEPLETION IS NOT POSSIBLE.
1. OZONE depletion by CFC (Cl2F2C - dichloro-difluoro-carbon) is impossible, because it is too scarce and too heavy to reach to the ozonosphere.
2. Considering the action of UV, the depletion of Ozone is not possible before the extinction of human race (we need at least 16% O2 in the atmosphere to survive). UV is constantly forming O3 (Ozone) out of the Oxygen of the atmosphere, thus reducing the amount of UV reaching the earth and is constantly making up the ozonosphere consumed by millions of jet flights every day. After extinction of human race, vegetation will be denser and thus O2 will be released into atmosphere at higher rate than at present. Thus, O3 depletion is impossible. Fluctuation momentarily is not depletion.
OZONE DEPLETION IS not POSSIBLE
At NTP (Normal Temperature Pressure) ozone is unstable, breaks into oxygen. Ozone needs high temperature and or high pressure to remain as ozone. It comes in a closed bottle. Ozonosphere exists because of very hot UV from the sun. The UV combines oxygen atoms to form ozone. But ozonosphere has very low pressure and temperature so can’t stay as ozone and breaks into oxygen and release heat it absorbed from UV, but as soon as oxygen is formed intense heat of UV again converts oxygen into ozone. So ozone does not need anything else to break down into oxygen at NTP. This make and break between oxygen and ozone is going on very fast, in no time.Don’t Blame CFC
We have been talking about ozone depletion since we noticed the global warming and climate change. And, we have been accusing CFC for the depletion. But scientifically it seems ozone depletion is not possible since nature is forming ozone from oxygen all the time with the help of uninterrupted Ultra Violet rays (UV) received from the Sun.
Our immediate climatic atmosphere (troposphere) IS NOT LAYERED. It is a homogenous mixture of gases because it is moving all the time, and is thoroughly mixed up. So there is no layer of gases that reflects heat because gases move upwards when it is heated. It releases heat when it reaches a colder zone. Above climatic atmosphere is Ozonosphere. We all know the air becomes thinner as we go higher. So lighter gases are situated at higher altitude and heavier gases are situated near the earth due to the gravitational pull of the earth. So the troposphere has all the heavy gases. Compared to the atmosphere near the surface of the earth the ozone layer is very thin. This we can guess by considering the fact that the mountaineers have to carry oxygen with them even to climb mountains that are much lower than Mount Everest. Ozone is situated even at higher altitude, 30,000 feet. So naturally ozone layer must be thinner than oxygen available at the height of the Mount Everest.
CFC is dichloro-difluoro-carbon, Cl2Fl2O. It has two atoms of chlorine, two atoms of fluorine and one atom of carbon. Carbon dioxide is CO2; it has one atom of carbon and two atoms of oxygen. Ozone is O3 or three atoms of Oxygen and it is very unstable/reactive, breaks into oxygen as soon as it forms.
Molecular weights of O2, CO2 and CFC (comparative weights, Hydrogen is lightest gas so its weight is considered 1) can be calculated as follows.
(Oxygen 16X2 =32, CO2 12 + 16X2 = 44, cl2 fl2 c (CFC) = 35.5X2 + 19X2 + 12 = 121, Ozone (O3) = 16X3 = 48 and atomic oxygen is 16; that’s why ozone layer can stay at higher than our immediate atmosphere.
Concentration of CO2 in the ozonosphere is nil as this gas is heavier than O2. So CFC molecules are too heavy and too scarce to reach to that height, then how it can deplete without being in contact with ozone? CFC is very heavy compared to CO2 and oxygen. It can’t reach to the ozone layer.
(Ozone layer works on ‘make and break’ principle. Ozone (O3) breaks into three atoms of oxygen as soon as it forms and form stable oxygen molecule, O2.
Because the heat of the Ultraviolet ray from the Sun is available uninterrupted, oxygen molecules are broken into atomic oxygen and atomic oxygen cannot stay alone, it has to be in the molecular form by combining with other atoms and forms ozone, O3 which is very unstable/reactive and forms oxygen molecules, O2. Molecules of oxygen by absorbing heat of the UV from the Sun are again broken into atomic oxygen. Since only oxygen is available in the ozonosphere it combines with other atoms of oxygen and again becomes ozone.
Ozone by breaking into atomic oxygen releases heat it absorbed from UV to form oxygen molecules, but as soon as it becomes oxygen molecules UV breaks them to form atomic oxygen by the continuously available Ultraviolet rays from the Sun. Again the ozone molecules break into atoms of oxygen immediately and releases heat. This is how ozone releases heat and sends some heat from the Sun back to the space. This ‘make and break’ of ozone goes on in no time, all the time. Thus it is not ozone that absorbs heat of UV but Oxygen. The sun’s rays are always entering the earth’s atmosphere.
Better explanation - jet flights
Every day millions of jet flight takes place in the world. They all fly at the height of 30,000 ft where the ozone layer lies. They carry fuel with them to burn. For burning the fuel they need huge quantity of oxygen which they get either from the climatic atmosphere (Troposphere) or Ozonosphere which is situated just above the troposphere. Anyone can guess how much oxygen is being used up by the flights of the planes and the jet planes. It is not difficult to accuse that these flights are causing the depletion of Ozone (if at all depleting). OZONE depletion by CFC (Cl2F2C - dichloro-difluoro-carbon) is impossible, because it is too scarce and too heavy to reach to the ozonosphere.
Banning the jet planes to fly higher than 25,000 feet will definitely save our Ozone layer. But it is not necessary because uninterrupted UV from the Sun is continuously forming ozone out of the oxygen of the atmosphere, by doing so UV entering into our atmosphere is reduced to a great extent.
OZONE DEPLETION IS NOT POSSIBLE.
Considering the action of UV, the depletion of Ozone is not possible before the extinction of human race (needs at least 16% O2 in the atmosphere to survive). UV is constantly forming O3 (Ozone) out of the Oxygen of the atmosphere, thus reducing the amount of UV reaching the earth and is constantly making up the ozonosphere consumed by millions of jet flights every day. After extinction of human race, vegetation will be denser and thus O2 will be released into atmosphere at higher rate than at present. Thus, O3 depletion is impossible.
Details in the following posts of this blog: devbahadurdongol.blogspot.com
SOLUTION TO PPOWER CRISIS- HARNESSING unlimited hydropower:
Flowing water can uniformly and independently run any number of turbines installed in series along a single uniform penstock pipe without decreasing their efficiency, because pressure is transmitted equally in all directions. Thus EARTH IS BLESSED WITH unlimited hydropower. Turbines don’t decrease the power of running water as it continues with the same velocity. At present we run only one turbine at the bottom of a running water column by applying property of standing still water column, it is a blunder in hydropower engineering, so are harnessing only minimum hydropower. Application of running water properties in installing turbines means WE CAN TAP many folds more HYDROPOWER (AS MUCH AS WE WANT OUT OF AVAILABLE UNLIMITED HYDROPOWER) than done at present from the existing installations – only limitation is the space needed to extend the pipe for installing turbines.
CLIMATE CHANGE DUE TO GASES IS IMPOSSIBLE.
The moisture conditions of the earth’s surface wet or dry, not gases, determine or control the climate/weather. Gases can’t form a green house, so Green house effect due to gases is imaginary or pseudo science. Rain cycle is related to heat and evaporation only. Thus C.C. change due to gases is impossible.
• I REQUEST YOU ALL TO INCLUDE YOUR NAMES AS SUPPORTING SCIENTISTS
CONTRIBUTE TO ORGANIZE
A PRESS CONFERENCE
SO THAT WE ALL TOGETHER CONTRIBUTE
TO END THE POWER CRISIS AND CLIMATE CHANGE FROM THE WORLD.
Details in the following posts